Laikipia County is one of the fourteen counties of the expansive former Rift Valley Province and one of the 47 counties in the Republic of Kenya. It is ranked as the 15th largest county in the country based on the land size. Laikipia County is one of the counties established under the constitution of Kenya 2010. It borders seven counties namely: Samburu County to the North; Isiolo County to the North East; Meru County to the East; Nyeri County to the South East; Nyandarua and Nakuru County to the South West; and Baringo County to the West. It covers an area of 9,462 km².
Laikipia consists of five administrative sub-counties namely: Laikipia East; Laikipia North; Laikipia Central; Laikipia West; and Nyahururu. Laikipia County has three constituencies: Laikipia West Constituency; Laikipia East Constituency; and Laikipia North Constituency. The County has 15 electoral wards: 5 in Laikipia East Constituency; 6 in Laikipia West Constituency; and 4 in Laikipia North Constituency.
There are four major urban centres in the county namely, Nanyuki, Nyahururu, Rumuruti and Kinamba, with Nanyuki and Nyahururu being more developed. This can be attributed to the long-time role as the administrative headquarters of the former Laikipia and Nyandarua districts. These towns are also major transport hubs of the county connecting the county to other counties nationally. For this reason they have a high population density.
In terms of education institutions, the county has 518 Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) centres, 340 primary schools and 96 secondary schools. There are 5 youth polytechnics, one University College and 3 university campuses.The national power grid serves 22 centres with 18% of the household using electricity. Most of the housing is sheltered in semi-permanent structures.